Sex and Violence (in a Field near Hoofddorp)

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Typehouse Literary Review published my fiction piece “Sex and Violence (in a Field near Hoofddorp)” in their Issue 7, January 2016. This one’s a PDF, so if you want to read it just download the issue and you’ll find me on page 47. The story can also be read here.

“The Perfect Tinder Profile” lecture and event

It was a successful event at the Erasmus Pavilion on Monday! Despite the rain there was a great turnout for the lecture, and the participants in the “36 Questions” dating event really seemed to enjoy themselves. For those of you interested, here’s the back story on the 36 Questions for Intimacy:

“What was needed was a method to create closeness in the laboratory with strangers, so people could be randomly assigned to various conditions and other variables could be controlled. As such, the method has been used in hundreds of studies and the field has been able to learn a great deal.”

The questions originally stem from a 1997 study by Aron et al. titled “The Experimental Generation of Interpersonal Closeness: A Procedure and Some Preliminary Findings.”

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Lecture: The Perfect Tinder Profile

On Monday, September 14th starting at 7:30pm, I’ll be speaking at the Erasmus Paviljoen about my Tinder research. Please join! It’s open to the public. So is the top secret dating event afterwards.

Summary below – for more details please visit the website. Sign up can be done here.

Swipe left or swipe right? The dating app Tinder has 50 million global users and 1.5 million users in the Netherlands. Tinder has been praised for revolutionizing the dating game and empowering women. It has also been accused of being a hook-up app, resulting in the breakup of relationships and an increase in sexually transmitted infections. Social media has exploded with Tumbler blogs like Girls of Tinder and Tinder’s Finest Bachelors, where users are simultaneously mocked, shamed and praised for their choice of profile pictures or pickup lines. A Reddit community subgroup is dedicated to helping Tinder users tweak their profiles to increase matches.

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Creating the perfect Tinder profile: How do Tinder users make decisions about which photos and text to include on their profiles? Do they fine-tune their profiles based on the response or non-response they get from other users? How does a Tinder profile differ between a user looking for a relationship and one seeking a one-night stand? Janelle Ward will give us an academic perspective on how Tinder users present themselves on the dating app. Drawing on her interviews with users in the Netherlands, she will present insights into profile creation and match selection: What are Tinder users’ motivations for using the app? How do Tinder users choose their profile photos and text? How do Tinder users choose their matches?

If you’re not a Tinder user this lecture is an opportunity to learn all about the hype from an entertaining yet academic perspective. If you are a user, you can see this lecture as a personal Tinder consultation: Janelle will help you understand your own profile choices and why you swipe left or right on other’s profiles (hint: it’s more than just sex appeal).

Is There Something Missing? Self-Presentation Practices on Tinder

Today I presented my ongoing research on self-presentation practices of Tinder users in the Netherlands. The conference was the 12th ICA Mobile Pre-Conference in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Slides are available here and an abstract is below:

The desire to connect with other people for romantic or intimate purposes is an age-old activity. Mobile dating applications have exploded in popularity in recent years. As these applications become mainstream, so does the urgency to re-explore the issue of virtual self-presentation: how men and women present themselves to potential partners.

The matchmaking mobile app Tinder has 50 million global users and 1.5 million users in the Netherlands. The research question asks, what are the self-presentation practices of Tinder users? This paper presents the results of 21 semi-structured interviews with Tinder users in the Netherlands.

Analysis revealed two types of users in terms of impression motivation: the indifferent and the ambitious. For all interviewees, impression construction was a carefully chosen process complete with various “props.” Interviewees used photos and texts to illustrate attractiveness, personality and interests, but also their social class and education level. Especially noteworthy was the mirroring of self-presentation with one’s potential matches, as users overwhelmingly reported searching for people “like them.” This research provides both empirical and theoretical contributions into user experiences and perceptions within a still under-researched area.

First interview findings

Last month I met my goal: I completed 20 interviews with Tinder users. The interviews were with 11 men and 9 women. Interviewees were aged 19-­52, and most had been active Tinder users for about a year.

Though there’s still a lot of work to do on the analysis, last weekend I presented initial results from a paper entitled “All the World’s a Stage: Strategies of Self-Presentation on Tinder” at the Asian Conference on Media & Mass  Communication (MediAsia) in Osaka, Japan. Those slides are available online.

I’ll continue with my analysis in the coming months. Watch here for updates!


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Chasing women on Tinder

Two weeks ago, I started my interview recruitment on Tinder. It’s been successful, with eight interviews already conducted and four scheduled for the coming days (I’m aiming for 20). Successful, yes, except all of my interviewees have been men.

I immediately noticed a difference in response to my male and female Tinder accounts. For those who contacted me via the email address advertised on the Tinder profile, I received 21 emails from men and three from women. So far, only one woman has scheduled an interview with me.

In the first days, I became comfortable with the idea that my interviewees would simply come to me via email. And this has worked well with the men. In fact, one week in, on a Saturday afternoon, I deactivated the female Tinder account.

tinderWhat about the women? I was surprised by their lack of response. Then I realized perhaps this had to do with their perception of me as a man: My profile says I’m male (otherwise I wouldn’t get access to the straight female Tinder users). Men seem eager to contact a 25-year-old “female” researcher, but women are apparently less eager to reach out to a 25-year-old “male” researcher.

First test: reveal that I am actually a woman. Maybe that would help. It was time to do some right swiping on Tinder. First I messaged my original 11 matches. They received the following (with my name, also to point out that I am female):

Good morning! My name is Janelle and I’m conducting the interviews for the Tinder Study. Are you interested in participating?

I received one response, and she declined as soon as she found out the interview was in person.

Then, I swiped right on 50 more women. I got five instant matches, and sent them the same message as above. A week later, I’ve still only communicated with two of them, all without securing an interview. I exchanged a few emails with one – she wanted to know the name of my supervisor and more details about the project. She said a contact purely via Tinder was suspicious. I have not received such a reaction from a man.

Since I haven’t actually interviewed any female Tinder users, I can only guess at this point. But it seems that women approach Tinder with a more defensive posture than men. I’ll keep working on securing those interviews, because I would love to hear more about the female Tinder experience.